May (Étude de costume pour « La Nuit ensorcelée »)1923 Crayon graphite et aquarelle sur papier 44,9 x 29,3 cm Collection NMNM, N° 1991.1.2 © NMNM / Photo: Marcel Loli
Nick Mauss , Collage of two designs by Leon Bakst: « Vas lav Nijinsky in l’Après-midi d’un Faune » (1912) and « Fabric design» (1923)
To mark the 150th anniversary of the birth of the famous stage-designer for the Ballets Russes, the Nouveau Musée National de Monaco presents “Designing Dreams, A Celebration of Leon Bakst”, an exhibition running from 23 October 2016 to 15 January 2017 at the Villa Sauber.
Designed in collaboration with Professor John E. Bowlt of the University of Southern California and in cooperation with numerous international researchers and lenders, “Designing Dreams, A Celebration of Leon Bakst”, is an exhibition organised around the collections of the Nouveau Musée National de Monaco and the permanent deposits of the Société des Bains de Mer.
Leon Bakst (b. 1866 in Grodno, present day Belarus - d. 1924 in Paris) is primarily celebrated for the sets and colorful costumes he designed for the Ballets Russes company in Paris, London and Monte Carlo in during the 1910s and early 1920s. His dazzling creations contributed to the global triumph of iconic shows such as Scheherazade, Le Spectre de la Rose, Narcisse, L’Après-midi d’un Faune, Daphnis et Chloé, Le Dieu Bleu, and La Belle au Bois Dormant . Drawing his inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece, Persia and Siam as well as from Russian folk art, Bakst developed a synthesis between the art of the East and the Modern Style .
Viewing theater as a total artwork in which choreography, music, costumes and sets were of equal importance, Bakst worked closely with artists such as Serge Diaghilev, Vaslav Nijinsky, Jean Cocteau, Isadora Duncan, Ida Rubinstein and Igor Stravinsky, transforming perceptions of ballet.
Designing Dreams, A Celebration of Leon Bakst highlights Bakst’s finest achievements in stage design, while also revealing his decisive influence in the field of textile design. At the invitation of the Nouveau Musée National de Monaco, visual artist Nick Mauss has re-framed and interpreted Bakst's work and its wideranging influence, embracing the visual and sensorial aspects of exhibition design as an art form.
Finally, the influence of Bakst’s creations on fashion will be on display in a special presentation of several accessorized models from Yves Saint Laurent’s 1991 SAINT LAURENT rive gauche collection, directly inspired by the drawings and costumes of Scheherazade .
“Designing Dreams, A Celebration of Leon Bakst” features more than 150 drawings, models and costumes in a unique scenography inspired by the concept of the dream. These pieces are documented by numerous period archives and accompanied by the works of artists such as Jean Cocteau, Valentine Hugo and George Barbier, who contributed to the diffusion of the famous Decorative Art of Leon Bakst .
The exhibition catalog, which gathers scientific contributions from leading researchers, art historians, philosophers and artists, along with in situ installation views by Nick Mauss, will pay tribute to the greatest set designer of the modern era.
With loans from:
Mc Nay Art Museum, San Antonio; National Gallery of Australia, Canberra; Victoria and Albert Museum, London; Museum of London, London; The Rothschild Collection, Waddesdon; Centre national du costume de scène, Moulins; Musée d’art moderne et d’art contemporain, Strasbourg; Société des Bains de Mer, Monaco; Galerie Kournikova, Moscow; Galerie 303, New York; Curatorial Assistance, Los Angeles; Fondation Pierre Bergé - Yves Saint Laurent, Paris; Fondation Alexandre Vassiliev, Paris; and numerous private collections.
Nègre Diamant (Étude de costume pour « Schéhérazade »)1910
Crayon graphite, gouache et encre dorée sur papier
38 x 27 cm Waddesdon, The Rothschild Collection(Rothschild Family Trust); ac. no. 727.1995 Photo: Mike Fear
© The National Trust, Waddesdon Manor
After Léon Bakst
Maquette de décor pour « Schéhérazade »1910Gouache sur papier découpé et bois58 x 60 x 50,5 cm Archives Société des Bains de Mer en dépôt permanent au NMNM, N° D.2010.2.145 © NMNM / Photo: Mauro Magliani & Barbara Piovan
Yves Saint-Laurent Ensemble, soutien-gorge et pantalon Collection Saint-Laurent – rive gauche
Printemps - Eté 1991 Collection Fondation Pierre Bergé - Yves Saint Laurent © Fondation Pierre Bergé - Yves Saint Laurent, Paris / Photo: Guy Marineau